2 days ago, preparations for the Independence day were going on in the school located behind my home. A group of students were singing a song “Chhodo kal ki baatein, kal ki baat puraani, naye daur me likhenge hum, milkar nayi kahani! Hum Hindustani Hum Hindustani…”. That song recollected 70 years of Indian history in one quick flash in front of my eyes. India has made good progress in these years and will do even more better in the future.
That thought clicked my mind to write an article covering major achievements and here I am.
Being Indian, you would love the article. If you have more to share, please comment below.
GST means “Goods and Services Tax”. This tax has been introduced from July 2017 in India. GST tax structure puts all goods and services under one roof. Moreover, taxes like excise duty, service tax, customs duty, octroi & entry tax, luxury tax etc. and that is for central and state level are subsumed as GST. There are four major stages categorized as 5% , 12%, 18% and 28% as per different criteria.
Indian Banknote Demonetisation
Demonetization means that to dismiss a running currency by legal tender. In Nov 2016, Indian government determined to get rid of all ₹500 and ₹1000 banknotes of the Mahatma Gandhi series. The sudden announcement on demonetisation created a confused impact on common men as that they had limited on-hand money and so the buying capabilities further. As an answer government provided folks to exchange their illegal notes with new currency note from banks however at the start with restriction of ₹2000, per day. Gradually, restriction modified to extend the withdrawal limit in like better to public. Some media channels and opposing parties tried to create chaos in such circumstances. Even after all these bad, presently we are able to see the positive impression on the economy.
After reading the achievement of ISRO you’d feel proud as an Indian. ISRO (Indian Space Research Organisation) is established on August 15, 1969, since then the list of achievements is fluxing towards increasing. It has proved through its actions that he is capable of competing against agencies in other countries.
Here is the list of milestone projects:
- Created a world record by launching 104 satellites in single mission, 2017
- Mangalyaan or MOM, 2014
- Chandrayaan 1, 2008
- Heaviest Commercial Mission, 2015
- Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS)
- Indian National Satellite System (INSAT), 1983
- Reusable Launch Vehicle (RLV)
More can be read at YourStory.
Cricket World Cup
In 1975, India, first time participated for the Cricket World Cup and competed against England, New Zealand and East Africa. The team was lead by Srinivasaraghavan Venkataraghavan. The first World Cup came in our pocket in 1983. Kapil Dev was the captain of Indian Squad and the team won by 43 runs against West Indies.
In 2011, World Cup tournament was hosted by India. As per everyone’s expectation, our blue army performed outstanding and won the World Cup against Sri Lanka. It was the first time that the world cup won by the host nation. Apart from the win, there were other achievements for India in the tournament. Sachin played his sixth world cup which is a world record.
Indian culture is one of the most ancient civilizations in the world, which also has no match in its art and literature. The legacy of its theatrical art is very old. Modernization of this theatrical drama is today’s feature films. Oscar Award is prestigious Academy Awards, honours the best talent in films.
Below is a list of some Indians, who have made country proud at the academy award:
- Bhanu Athaiya for best costume in 1982 for movie GANDHI
- Satyajit Ray for Lifetime Achievement in 1992
- A. R. Rahman for best Original song “Jai Ho” and for best Original music Score in 2009 for movie Slumdog Millionaire.
- Gulzar for best original song “Jai Ho” in 2009
- Resul Pookutty for Best Sound Mixing Award in 2009 for movie Slumdog Millionair.
On the other side, there are three Indian films nominated for Oscar award but none of them won:
- Mother India
- Salaam Bombay
In 1900, India first time participated in Olympic Games. The nation competed at Summer Olympic Games in 1920 and Winter Olympic Games in 1964. Till now, country owned total 23 medals in Summer Olympic Games.
After freedom of this country, the first gold medal won by Indian Men Hockey team in 1948, London.
In 2008, Abhinav Bindra won solo Gold medal for Shooting in Beijing. First Indian women player, who won the medal in Olympic Games is Karnam Malleswari. She owned bronze medal in women’s 69KG weightlifting category.
The first successful nuclear test conducted by India was on may 18 1974 called “Smiling Buddha” led by Raja Ramanna. The research and technology related to nuclear bomb had been undertaken by India since World War 2.
After Pokhran 1, India became the world’s sixth nuclear power. During The 1998 Indian general election, BJP’s Atal Bihari Vajpayee Promised to carry out nuclear test. After victory, he keeps his words and pursue “Operation Shakti”.
On May 11, 1998, Pokhran 2 was initiated by fusion and fission bombs detonation. Man behind Pokhran 2 was Dr.APJ Abdul Kalaam.
13 May, 1998, Prime Minister Vajpayee declared India a full fledged nuclear state.
In 2000, the past has repeated and India won both the title again. Indian actress and singer Priyanka Chopra was the winner of Miss World 2000.
India is the world’s largest economy from very beginning as we share 32.9% of world GDP. In early 90s, Indian economy introduced LPG, which means Liberalization, Privatization and Globalization. This policy made Indian economy as fastest growing economy in the world.
Under the globalization policy, we as economy, ready to invite direct foreign investment, which means, we can access to capital, technology and market.
- Manmohan Singh’s 1991 Budget: the day that changed India forever
- Impact of globalization on Indian economy- An overview
Indian Constitution Adoption
The constitution of India was adopted on November 26, 1949 and it came into effect on January 26, 1950. 26th January was then chosen as the Republic Day as that was the day in 1930, when Declaration of Indian Independence (Purna Swaraj) was proclaimed by the Indian National Congress as opposed to the dominion status offered by British Regime.
The republic day celebration celebrated for three days.
Republic Day Parade is held in the capital of India, Delhi. This event showcases India’s defence capabilities and cultures.
The Beating Retreat Ceremony is held after officially denoting the end of Republic Day festivities. It is conducted on the evening of 29th January, which performed by the bands of the three wings of the military – the Indian Army, Indian Navy and Indian Air Force at Raisina Hill, Vijay Chowk.
Since 1950, India invites, head of state or government of another country as the state guest of honour for Republic Day celebration. The first guest was President Sukarno from Indonesia.
The republic parade was started since 1955 and the Governor General Malik Ghulam Muhammad from Pakistan was first guest, who attend this parade.
My favorite part in this parade is the last balloon ballooning. It seems as if the whole sky was painted with a tricolour of Indian Flag.
Freedom of India
The midnight of August 15, 1947, India got freedom from British government. It was Lord Mountbatten, who had in person, set the date of 15th Aug because that date was “very lucky” for his career. Thousands of our freedom fighters sacrificed their lives and a lot of them struggled so as to move british rulers. Independence Day is a holiday in India. On the eve of Independence Day, the president of India delivers a speech, “Address to the Nation”. On 15th Aug, the prime minister hoists the Indian flag at Red Fort, Delhi. Twenty-one gun shots are fired in honour of the solemn occasion. He pays tribute to the leaders of the Indian independence movement. The Indian anthem, “Jana Gana Mana”, is sung. March past of divisions of the Indian soldiers and paramilitary forces and then the speech comes. Parades and pageants showcase scenes from the independence struggle and India’s various cultural traditions. Similar events occur in state capitals where the Chief Ministers of individual states unroll the emblem, followed by parades and pageants.
JAY HIND and Happy Independence Day 🙂
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